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Peru

Welcome to one of the largest countries in South America: Peru! This exhilaratingly beautiful land spoiled by Mother nature and bathing in culture invites you to come and soak up the feel of the fascinating Incan civilisation which reached its heyday between the year 1438AD and 1492AD, stretched as far as 4,800 km and covered an estimated population of 10 million people. What caused the abrupt fall of the mighty Inca empire is still shrouded in mystery today. The Spanish conquest, a natural disaster, illness and uprisings or even mass suicide or a combination of all are just a few of the many theories.

Fact is that Machu Picchu escaped the attention of conquerors / looters. Its location which demonstrates the Incas' masterful skill at building, will soon reveal why. Obviously this site is among the top 7 wonders of the world. We can only recommend one thing with all our might: fly there and enjoy the beautiful nature, discover the fascinating history, visit the vibrant cities and meet the friendly locals. Peru is mighty, mythical, majestic and magical ... What else could you possibly expect? Enjoy!

Hotels & Meals

In Peru, each region has its own flavours and flairs when it comes to cooking. At any stage during your travel you will be able to try out something new. And it's a big country, so there’s a big choice !!! Tomatoes, potatoes, corn and red peppers are the main ingredients of the Peruvian cuisine!

Typical dishes are ceviche (raw fish marinated in lime juice), aji de gallina (chicken, processed yellow chili sauce) and recotto relleno (chilli peppers stuffed with meat, potatoes and eggs). Do not be surprised if you are served guinea pig, cuy in Peruvian. This is a very popular dish among locals and highly recommended!

Make sure to try Peru’s national drink, Pisco Sour. This cocktail is made with lime, sugar, water and egg white and is a true delight, for the alcohol lovers amongst you!

Insurances

Have a safe and carefree trip: travel fully insured with our Protections travel insurance! Our Protections insurance policies offer various formulas in order to offer you the widest possible cover (with even a fly-on-time, natural catastrophes and epidemics) for both single journeys or for the entire year. We guarantee you the best protection at the best price.

Tailored travel

The tours in our brochures are just a few examples of travel itineraries possible. Our trips can be tailored to suit your specific needs. If you want to book a specific destination or combine it with a mini-tour then we will gladly make you a tailor-made offer. For a personalised day-by-day program please contact our destination experts.

Would you like to travel in a group; with your entire family, friends or colleagues? (min. 10 people required). Put our know-how to the test and send us your details and wishes. We will gladly turn the blueprints of your trip into a detailed quote and a lasting memory for you to cherish. Contact our Connections’ Group Service by e-mail at groups@connections.be or by telephone on +32 (0)2 550 01 65. We would love to hear from you.

Travel Documents

  • All Belgian nationals must be in possession of a Belgian international e-passport (electronic). As from 9 June 2018 Peru Custom Officials will start a strict enforcement of the passport validity, which is set to a minimum of 6 months of validity at the date of entry Any stay not exceeding 90 days for tourism purposes do not require a visum.  Interesting and essential travel information can be found on travel Advice Gov.UK . A temporary passport is not valid for entry.

  • A credit card is mandatory for hotel stays and car rentals.

  • Travelers with a non-Belgian nationality and / or travelers travelling on a foreign passport are invited to spontaneously report this matter to the Connections travel consultant and shall contact their respective embassy (s) or Consulate (ate) to obtain the latest updates concerning all current travel requirements and documents. 

Health

No mandatory vaccinations. To verify the latest updates on health requirements, please surf to Center for Disease Control and Prevention.

Time Zones

  • -7 hours

Currency

Currency

  • Nuevo Sol: (PEN); 100 PEN = 26.97 EUR; 1 EUR = 3.71 PEN (30/10/19)

Payment methods

The most convenient method of payment is by credit card but cash euros and dollars in small amount come in handy. ATMs should be available in the larger cities.

Climate

Peru has a temperate climate. Exception is the tropical Amazon region where the average temperature is around 28° C. For dry coastal strip that rarely sees rain and the temperature often varies between 14° C and 22° C the most favorable months are October to April. For the Andes and Amazon that period runs from April to October. Indeed, the Sierra enjoys a spring climate. Temperatures drop significantly depending on the altitude (between 8° and 18° C lower) and travel to Cuzco and Machu Picchu is not recommended during the months of January and February!

Average Max. Temperatures (in °C):
Destination J F M A M J J A S O N D
Cuzco 17 17 17 18 18 18 17 18 18 19 19 18
Lima 26 27 26 24 22 20 19 18 19 20 22 24
Machu Picchu 17 17 17 18 18 18 17 18 18 19 19 18
Puno 15 15 16 16 16 15 15 15 15 16 16 16

Highlights

  • Arequipa

Oozing with graceful colonial allure, Arequipa seems to hide under a veil of white sillar, a limestone formed by the ashes of the surrounding volcanoes Chachani, Pichu Pichu and Misti. When Arequipa was founded, the city was called Villa Hermosa, the beautiful city. Despite the many earthquakes it still is. Arequipa has some stunning colonial buildings, a friendly atmosphere and a cozy centre.

  • Colca

The decision to label it the deepest canyon in the world has not yet been made. Most tours depart from Arequipa, climbing north through the desert area and the mountain pass that separates Chachani from El Misti. The road then goes through Pampas de Canihuas and the gure Altiplano, over the highest point of the route (4,800m). The landscape changes into kilometers of pre-Inca terraces, the most extensive in Peru. 

  • Cusco

The Incas believed that Cusco was the home of the Gods and thus became the capital of the Inca empire. A European architecture, coupled with the magnificence of Inca construction techniques and a fervent Spanish influence, make this city entirely unique and second to none in Peru. The Inca citadel of Machu Picchu is one of the many reasons why Cusco was declared the archaeological capital of South America. 

That the Spanish conquerors were very religious is widely known. Often they erected the most impressive cathedrals in honour of their saints and virgins. In that way they tried to replace local worship by the Catholic doctrine. But the construction of these intricate structures required a lot of manpower. In order to get cheap labourers they often subjected the local population to their yoke. The cathedral was completed in 1654, 100 years after the first stone was laid. The style is a blend of Baroque, Renaissance and Gothic.

  • Lake Titicaca

At an altitude of 3,808m, this is the highest navigable lake in the world. It was formed after the slow drying out of the prehistoric Lake Ballivian. Peru and Bolivia share this gigantic lake with an area of 8,300km2 and a maximum depth of 285m. Boasting significant fauna and flora, the lake is supplied by some twenty rivers that discharge their water into the Desaguardero River.

  • Lima

Stretching on a narrow stretch of coast between the Pacific Ocean and the Andes Mountains, the royal city takes its name from a fruit that evokes the soul of women. She was triple crowned "Pearl of the Pacific". A city with a romantic charm, inspired by a rich colonial past, of which its old churches, squares and houses still testify.

The Plaza Mayor or Plaza de Armas was once the cradle of Lima. No wonder that this central square in the capital is still today hugged by important buildings and magnificent examples of colonial architecture such as Casa Pizarro (the presidential palace), the palace of the archbishop, the Club de la Union, the cathedral and town hall. UNESCO World Heritage naturally. This square is a hive of activity; cozy, congenial and ideal for people watching.

  • Machu Picchu

Machu Picchu is one of those famous world spots which need no introduction. And yet it has nothing to do with a bustling metropolis. The city is located 2,438 meters high on a mountain saddle in the Andes dates back to the 15th century! It is the picture-perfect postcard spot of Peru, known to children and adults alike and features on 99 % of all travellers wishing lists internationally. Not only will you find the best preserved remains of the Inca civilization here, the location is simply magical. Mind you: the number of visitors is limited per day. So book early! It would be more than a sin to miss out...

This world-renowned majestic and sacred site was unveiled by Hiram Bingham in 1911. Thanks to information gathered from the local population and the assessments of various archaeologists, it has been possible to ascertain that this structure dates back to the second half of the 15th century. One of several hypotheses regarding the history and function of this place is that the citadel was the last refuge of the Inca princes.

  • Sacred Valley

Pisac, the gateway to the Sacred Valley, encompasses a picturesque town and an important archaeological site. The Sunday market in the village square and the most famous craft market in the Andes show an unprecedented colour splendor. The Saqsaywaman, the "house of the sun" for the Incas and the "work of the devil" for the Conquistadors, is an impressive fortress resting on a series of monumental walls built of cyclopean stones.

  • Sacsayhuamán

This archaeological site north of Cuzco also dates back to the Inca period and is located at a significantly higher altitude than Machu Picchu: 3500 meters above sea level. This is also a clever piece of building mastery as the Incas would have taken into account the frequent earthquakes that characterize the Andes. When the Spanish conquistadors saw the place, they classified its construction as the work of the Devil. No human, let be Inca could ever erect a place in such an intricate way in such a majorly impossible yet grand spot! The conviction that the site was connected to demonic forces led to more than 400 years of neglect. Today it is open to visitors again, be-it partly. Make sure you take your time. You never know what you may feel there.

  • Santa Catalina

A magical monastery masquerading as a small town in the city. It consists of more than 100 houses, 60 streets, a main square, a cemetery and encompasses a network of quaint alleys skillfully decorated with flowers to which the cells, picturesque squares and gardens with ornate fountains open. Founded in 1580, it only opened its gates in 1970!

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