Luang Prabang is a remarkable example of the fusion of traditional architecture and Lao urban structures with those built by the European colonial authorities of the 19th and 20th centuries. The city lies on a peninsula - formed by the Mekong River and its tributaries. Many legends are told about the creation of the city; one of them recounts that Buddha would have smiled when he rested here prophesying that one day this would be the site of a rich and powerful city.
The cultural landscape Champasak is a more than 1,000 year old (5th - 15th C), remarkably well-preserved landscape. It was made to visualise the relationship between nature and humanity in Hinduism. For this purpose, a straight line was drawn from the mountain top to the river bank and used as the reference to lay out a geometric pattern of temples, shrines and waterworks. This 10 km area also includes the Vat Phou temple complex, 2 cities along the banks of the Mekong River and the Phou Kao Mountain. The millemnium is largely associated with the Khmer Empire.