CITY OF CUZCO
Situated in the Peruvian Andes, Cuzco developed into a complex urban centre with distinct religious and administrative functions. It was surrounded by clearly delineated areas for agricultural, artisan and industrial production. When the Spaniards conquered it in the 16th century, they preserved the basic structure but built Baroque churches and palaces over the ruins of the Inca city.
HISTORIC CENTRE OF LIMA
Although severely damaged by earthquakes, this 'City of the Kings' was, until the middle of the 18th century, the capital and most important city of the Spanish dominions in South America. Many of its buildings are the result of collaboration between local craftspeople and others from the Old World.
HISTORIC SANCTUARY OF MACHU PICCHU
Machu Picchu is located 2,430 m above sea-level in the middle of a tropical mountain forest; an awe-inspiring setting. It illustrates the impressive urban creativity of the Inca Empire at its height; its giant walls, terraces and ramps seem as if they have been cut naturally in the continuous rock escarpments.